Things to note:
- Rehydration is the cornerstone of management. This should be done with oral rehydration solution (ORS) unless the patient is vomiting or profoundly dehydrated.
- Stool culture is advised.
- Loperamide is contraindicated as it may result in toxic megacolon.
Consider in severe cases or significant underlying disease.
When to refer:
- Ciprofloxacin, oral, 500 mg 12 hourly for 3-7 days.
- Persistent diarrhoea with blood and mucus for longer than 2 weeks.