How to Treat Amoebiasis?

  • November 16, 2023
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How to Treat Amoebiasis?

What is Amoebiasis?

Amoebiasis, caused by the parasite Entamoeba histolytica, is a gastrointestinal infection prevalent in regions with poor sanitation. This single-celled organism primarily affects the intestines, causing symptoms from mild discomfort to severe dysentery. Transmission occurs through ingesting contaminated food or water carrying the cysts of the Entamoeba histolytica parasite, emphasizing the critical role of sanitation.

E. histolytica, a solitary protozoan, enters the body when individuals consume cysts in contaminated food or water or through direct contact with fecal matter. These cysts, representing a relatively inert phase, can survive for months in soil or environments contaminated with infected fecal matter.

Why Does Amoebiasis Occur?

The primary cause of amoebiasis is the ingestion of contaminated material containing the cysts of the Entamoeba histolytica parasite. These cysts, resilient to environmental conditions, can survive for extended periods, increasing the likelihood of transmission in areas with inadequate sanitation practices. Poor personal hygiene, consumption of raw or undercooked food, and close contact with infected individuals contribute to the spread of the disease.