Know about Small Bowel Transplant

  • December 28, 2023
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Know about Small Bowel Transplant

What is Small Bowel Transplant?

Small bowel transplant, also referred to as an intestinal transplant, is a specialized surgical procedure designed to replace a diseased or shortened small bowel with a healthy donor small intestine. This intricate operation is undertaken when the proper functioning of the small intestine is compromised, commonly in instances of intestinal failure, short bowel syndrome, or other conditions affecting digestion and nutrient absorption. The small intestine, a vital organ crucial for maintaining overall health, is the focus of this surgical intervention.

Why Small Bowel Transplant is Performed?

The performance of small bowel transplants is prompted by several medical conditions that affect the normal functioning of the small intestine. Common reasons for considering a small bowel transplant include:

  1. Intestinal Failure: Individuals experiencing intestinal failure, often resulting from surgical removal of a significant portion of the small intestine, face challenges in absorbing nutrients and maintaining proper nutrition.
  2. Short Bowel Syndrome: This condition arises when a substantial portion of the small intestine is missing or nonfunctional, leading to malabsorption issues and a range of nutritional deficiencies.
  3. Chronic Intestinal Disorders: Diseases such as Crohn's disease, familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), or necrotizing enterocolitis can severely impact the small bowel, necessitating transplant as a potential solution.
  4. Complications of Previous Surgeries: Adhesions, strictures, or other complications arising from previous abdominal surgeries may compromise the function of the small intestine, warranting transplant evaluation.