How to Treat Perianal Abscess?

  • November 15, 2023
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How to Treat Perianal Abscess?

What is a Perianal Abscess?

A perianal abscess is a painful collection of pus near the anus or rectum. It typically develops when a small gland in the anal region becomes infected. These glands are responsible for producing mucus to help with bowel movements. When they get blocked or infected, a painful abscess can form. Perianal abscesses can occur in people of all ages and backgrounds, and they can be a source of significant discomfort and distress.

Why Do Perianal Abscesses Occur?

Perianal abscesses often develop as a result of bacterial infection. The most common bacteria involved are Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. The infection usually originates in small glands around the anus, which can become blocked. When the glands are blocked, bacteria multiply, causing inflammation and the formation of an abscess. Certain factors, such as a weakened immune system, Crohn's disease, or conditions that cause inflammation in the digestive tract, can increase the risk of developing perianal abscesses.

How to Identify Perianal Abscess Symptoms?

Recognizing the symptoms of a perianal abscess is crucial for prompt treatment. Common symptoms include severe pain, swelling, redness, and warmth around the anal area. Patients may also experience fever, chills, and a general feeling of illness. In some cases, a visible lump or bump near the anus may be present. The pain associated with perianal abscesses is often sharp and can make activities such as sitting, walking, or bowel movements extremely uncomfortable.