How to Treat Ulcerative Colitis?

  • December 18, 2023
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How to Treat Ulcerative Colitis?

What is Ulcerative Colitis?

Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that primarily affects the large intestine (colon) and rectum. Unlike other gastrointestinal disorders, ulcerative colitis specifically targets the inner lining of the colon, causing inflammation and the formation of painful ulcers or sores.

Why Ulcerative Colitis Occurs?

The exact cause of ulcerative colitis remains unknown, but it is believed to result from a complex interplay of genetic, environmental, and immune factors. Some contributing factors include:

  1. Genetics: A family history of ulcerative colitis increases the risk.
  2. Immune System Dysfunction: An overactive immune response may trigger inflammation.
  3. Environmental Triggers: Certain environmental factors, such as infections or diet, may play a role in the development of the condition.

How Ulcerative Colitis Manifests:

Ulcerative colitis presents with a range of symptoms, which can vary in severity and duration. Common signs include:

  1. Abdominal Pain: Persistent abdominal pain or cramping.
  2. Diarrhea: Frequent, urgent bowel movements with blood or mucus.
  3. Rectal Bleeding: Blood in the stool or on toilet paper.
  4. Fatigue: Feeling tired and weak.
  5. Weight Loss: Unintentional weight loss due to reduced appetite and nutrient malabsorption.
  6. Fever: Low-grade fever often accompanies active disease.