Fungal infections commonly treated with the following antifungals that includes:
- Athletes foot
- Fungal nail infection
- Vaginal thrush
- Some kinds of severe dandruff
Less commonly, there are also more severe fungal infections that develop deep within the tissues of the body that may need hospital treatment.Some examples are include:
- Aspergillosis, which affects the lungs
- Fungal meningitis, which affects the brain
If you have a weakened immune system, you are more at risk of getting one of these more severe fungal infections-for examples, if you take medicines to suppress your immunity. Antifungal medicine types
Antifungal medicines are available as:
- Topical antifungals: A cream, gel, ointment or spray you can apply directly to your skin, hair or nails
- Oral antifungals: A capsule, tablet or liquid medicine that you swallow
- Intravenous antifungals: An injection into a vein in your arm, usually given in hospital
- Intravaginal antifungal pessaries: Small, soft tablets you can insert into the vagina
Some of the common names are included for antifungal medicines:
Side effects of antifungal medicines
Your antifungal medicine may cause side effects. These are usually mild and only last for a short period of time.
They can include:
- Itching or burning
- Feeling sick
- Tummy (abdominal)
- A rash
Occasionally, your antifungal medicine may cause a more severe reaction, such as:
- An allergic reaction - your face, neck or tongue may swell and you may have difficulty breathing
- A severe skin reaction - such as peeling or blistering skin
- Liver damage (occurs very rarely) - you may experience loss of appetite, vomiting, nausea, jaundice, dark urine or pale faeces, tiredness or weakness
If you have these severe side effects, stop using the medicine and see your GP or pharmacist to find an alternative.
If you are having breathing trouble, visit the accident and emergency (A&E) department of your nearest hospital. Antifungal medicines for children
- Some antifungal medicines are used on children and babies: for example, miconazole oral gel can be used to treat oral thrush in babies.
- But children of different ages usually need different doses. Ask for more advice from a pharmacist or talk to your GP.