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How to Treat Subungual Hematoma?

  • November 15, 2023
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How to Treat Subungual Hematoma?

What is Subungual Hematoma?

Subungual hematoma is a medical condition characterized by the accumulation of blood beneath the nail, specifically between the nail plate and the underlying nail bed. This condition typically occurs as a result of trauma or injury to the fingers or toes, leading to bleeding beneath the nail. The blood collects in the confined space between the nail and the nail bed, causing pain and discoloration of the affected nail.

Why Does Subungual Hematoma Occur?

Subungual hematomas usually occur due to direct trauma to the nail, such as crushing, slamming, or stubbing of the finger or toe. Common causes include accidentally hitting the finger with a hammer, slamming it into a door, or dropping a heavy object on the toe. The trauma causes blood vessels beneath the nail to rupture, leading to the accumulation of blood in the subungual space.

How to Identify Subungual Hematoma?

The symptoms of subungual hematoma are relatively straightforward to identify. The most common signs include immediate pain and discoloration of the nail. The affected nail may appear dark red, purple, or black, depending on the amount of blood trapped beneath it. Additionally, individuals may experience throbbing or pulsating pain due to the pressure created by the accumulating blood.

To assess the severity of the subungual hematoma, it is crucial to examine for any signs of infection, such as redness, swelling, or discharge. If infection occurs, it may necessitate prompt medical attention.