How to Treat Avascular Necrosis?

  • November 09, 2023
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How to Treat Avascular Necrosis?

What is Avascular Necrosis?

Avascular necrosis, often referred to as osteonecrosis, is a debilitating medical condition in which the bone tissue dies due to a lack of blood supply. This condition can affect various bones in the body, but it most commonly occurs in the hip joint. When bone tissue dies, it can lead to pain, limited mobility, and even bone collapse. Avascular necrosis is a progressive and potentially severe disorder that requires prompt attention and treatment.

Why Does Avascular Necrosis Occur?

Avascular necrosis can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  1. Injury: Trauma to a bone, such as a fracture or dislocation, can disrupt the blood vessels supplying the bone, leading to avascular necrosis.
  2. Long-term Steroid Use: Prolonged use of corticosteroid medications, often prescribed for conditions like asthma or autoimmune disorders, can increase the risk of avascular necrosis. Steroids may interfere with blood flow to the bones.
  3. Excessive Alcohol Consumption: Heavy alcohol consumption can weaken bones and impair blood circulation, making individuals more susceptible to avascular necrosis.
  4. Joint Diseases: Conditions like rheumatoid arthritis or systemic lupus erythematosus can damage blood vessels and contribute to the development of avascular necrosis.
  5. Other Medical Conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as sickle cell anemia or clotting disorders, can affect blood flow to the bones, increasing the risk of avascular necrosis.