How to Treat Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome?

  • January 31, 2024
  • No Comments
How to Treat Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome?

What is Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)?

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) is an illness affecting the respiratory system, resulting from infection with the SARS-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV). This viral respiratory illness made its first appearance in 2002-2003, originating in Southern China, causing a global outbreak marked by substantial morbidity and mortality rates. SARS manifests with severe respiratory symptoms, including fever, cough, and breathing difficulties. It is crucial to note that coronaviruses, a family of viruses, are common culprits for upper respiratory illnesses in humans, including the common cold, and are known to cause various diseases in animals.

Why Does Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Occur?

The occurrence of SARS is directly linked to the transmission of the SARS-CoV virus. The virus primarily spreads through respiratory droplets expelled when an infected person talks, coughs, or sneezes. Additionally, contact with contaminated surfaces and subsequent touching of the face, especially the mouth, nose, or eyes, can contribute to the transmission. Close person-to-person contact, particularly in crowded or confined spaces, facilitates the spread of the virus.

How Does Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Affect the Body?

SARS primarily targets the respiratory system, leading to a range of respiratory symptoms. The virus enters the body through the respiratory tract, where it infects cells lining the airways and lungs. This invasion triggers an immune response, resulting in inflammation and damage to the respiratory tissues. The symptoms of SARS include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and respiratory distress. In severe cases, the infection can progress rapidly, causing acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and multi-organ failure.