How to Treat Retinal Migraine?

  • February 01, 2024
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How to Treat Retinal Migraine?

What is Retinal Migraine?

Retinal migraine, or ocular migraine, is a condition characterized by recurrent attacks of visual disturbances affecting one eye, often accompanied by migraine headaches. These episodes, marked by temporary blind spots or flickering auras, usually resolve after the migraine attack. While typically temporary, in rare cases, visual problems can become permanent. Onset can occur as early as 7 years old, with most cases emerging in one's 20s and peaking around age 40. Understanding this condition is crucial for effective management and addressing potential complications associated with retinal migraines.

Why Does Retinal Migraine Occur?

The precise cause of retinal migraines remains elusive, but medical professionals believe that the condition shares underlying mechanisms with typical migraines. Migraines are thought to involve changes in blood flow and the release of certain chemicals in the brain, triggering the characteristic symptoms. In the case of retinal migraines, these changes impact the blood vessels supplying the retina, leading to temporary visual disturbances.

How Does Retinal Migraine Affect Vision?

Retinal migraines manifest as temporary visual disturbances in one eye. During an episode, individuals may experience flickering lights, zigzag lines, or temporary blindness. These visual symptoms typically last for a short duration, often less than an hour, and are followed by the gradual resolution of symptoms. While the episodes themselves are transient, their impact can be significant, causing anxiety and disrupting daily activities.