How to Treat Strabismus?

  • December 12, 2023
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How to Treat Strabismus?

What is Strabismus?

Strabismus, colloquially known as crossed or misaligned eyes, is a condition characterized by a failure of the eyes to align properly. The intricate coordination among the six muscles responsible for eye movement is compromised, resulting in one eye turning independently in diverse directions. This misalignment can give rise to challenges such as double vision, compromised depth perception, and, in severe cases, the risk of visual impairment. Notably, strabismus is not confined to a specific age group, as it can manifest in both children and adults. Recognizing this condition early and promptly initiating suitable treatment are vital for achieving optimal outcomes.

Why Does Strabismus Occur?

Strabismus can be caused by various factors, and its origins may be rooted in both genetic and environmental influences. One common cause is a muscular imbalance that disrupts the precise coordination necessary for both eyes to focus on the same point simultaneously. Other contributing factors include neurological issues, refractive errors, and eye injuries. Additionally, conditions such as cerebral palsy and Down syndrome may increase the likelihood of developing strabismus.

How Does Strabismus Affect Vision?

The impact of strabismus on vision extends beyond the physical misalignment of the eyes. When the eyes do not work together harmoniously, the brain receives conflicting visual signals, resulting in a condition known as amblyopia, or lazy eye. Amblyopia occurs when the brain favors the visual input from one eye over the other, leading to reduced visual acuity in the less dominant eye. If left untreated, amblyopia can persist into adulthood, significantly affecting the individual's overall visual function.