How to Treat Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension?

  • October 12, 2023
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How to Treat Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension?

What is Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension (IIH)?

Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension (IIH), also identified as pseudotumor cerebri, is characterized by heightened pressure within the skull. The term "idiopathic" denotes an unknown cause for this increased pressure. While IIH predominantly affects women of childbearing age, it can manifest in individuals of any age, gender, or weight. This condition involves elevated pressure in the skull due to the accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) around the brain, exerting pressure on the optic nerve and influencing vision.

Why Does Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension Occur?

The exact cause of IIH is not well understood, and it is considered idiopathic. However, several risk factors may contribute to its development:

  1. Obesity: There is a strong association between IIH and obesity, particularly in women.
  2. Gender and Age: IIH is more common in women, especially those of childbearing age.
  3. Medications: Certain medications, such as tetracycline antibiotics, corticosteroids, and excess vitamin A, have been linked to IIH.
  4. Medical Conditions: Conditions like sleep apnea, kidney disease, and lupus may increase the risk of IIH.