How to Treat Human Papillomavirus?

  • February 07, 2024
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How to Treat Human Papillomavirus?

What is Human Papillomavirus (HPV)?

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is a group of viruses that commonly infect the skin and mucous membranes of humans. With over 200 types identified, HPV is the most prevalent sexually transmitted infection globally. While many HPV infections are benign and self-limiting, certain strains can lead to genital warts, cervical cancer, and other malignancies.

Why Treat Human Papillomavirus (HPV)?

Treatment for HPV is essential to manage symptoms, prevent complications, and reduce the risk of transmitting the virus to others. Genital warts caused by certain strains of HPV can cause discomfort, itching, and embarrassment. Moreover, persistent infection with high-risk HPV strains can lead to the development of cervical cancer, as well as cancers of the vulva, vagina, penis, anus, and oropharynx. Timely intervention and appropriate treatment can help prevent the progression of HPV-related diseases and improve overall health outcomes.

How to Treat Human Papillomavirus (HPV)?

  1. Topical Treatments: For external genital warts caused by low-risk HPV strains, topical treatments such as podophyllotoxin, imiquimod, or sinecatechins may be prescribed. These medications work by destroying the wart tissue and stimulating the immune system to fight the virus. Topical treatments are typically applied directly to the affected area and require adherence to a specific treatment regimen for several weeks.
  2. Surgical Procedures: In cases where genital warts are extensive or resistant to topical treatments, surgical procedures such as cryotherapy, electrocautery, or surgical excision may be recommended. These procedures involve the removal of wart tissue using freezing, burning, or cutting techniques. Surgical intervention is performed under local anesthesia and may require multiple sessions for complete wart clearance.
  3. Medical Procedures for Precancerous Lesions: For individuals with high-risk HPV strains and precancerous lesions, medical procedures such as loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP), cone biopsy, or laser ablation may be necessary. These procedures aim to remove abnormal cells from the cervix or other affected areas to prevent the development of cancer. Medical interventions for precancerous lesions are typically performed by gynecologists or other specialists trained in cervical cancer screening and management.