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How to Treat Head Lice And Nits?

  • October 12, 2023
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How to Treat Head Lice And Nits?

What are Head Lice and Nits?

Head lice, tiny insects infesting the scalp and hair, feed on blood multiple times a day. Nits, eggs laid by female lice, firmly attach to hair shafts. Common among school-aged children, head lice induce itching and discomfort, with the primary sign being persistent itching at the back of the head, neck, and around the ears.

Why Do Head Lice and Nits Occur?

Head lice spread through close personal contact and by sharing items like combs, brushes, hats, and headphones. They are more common in children due to their close contact in school settings. Contrary to popular belief, head lice are not a result of poor hygiene; they can affect anyone.

How to Identify Head Lice and Nits?

  1. Itching: Persistent itching, especially behind the ears and at the nape of the neck, is a common symptom.
  2. Visible Lice: Adult lice are small, about the size of a sesame seed, and can be seen crawling on the scalp.
  3. Nits: Nits are tiny oval-shaped eggs attached to the hair shafts, usually close to the scalp. They may be mistaken for dandruff but are difficult to remove.
  4. Red Bumps: Scratching can lead to red bumps on the scalp, neck, and shoulders.