How to Treat Gum Disease?

  • November 25, 2023
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How to Treat Gum Disease?

What is Gum Disease?

Gum disease, also referred to as periodontal disease, is a prevalent and potentially severe condition impacting the tissues surrounding the teeth. The progression begins with gingivitis, characterized by inflamed and bleeding gums, advancing to periodontitis, where the supporting structures of the teeth face compromise, potentially leading to tooth loss. The primary culprit behind this condition is the accumulation of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth.

Despite meticulous brushing and flossing, susceptibility to inadequate oral hygiene varies among individuals. Recognizing signs such as bleeding or swollen gums is crucial, and risk factors like smoking, genetics, and specific health conditions can influence the likelihood of developing periodontal disease. Preventive measures, including regular dental check-ups, thorough oral care, and awareness of individual risk factors, are essential for managing and preventing gum disease, safeguarding both oral and overall health.


Why Does Gum Disease Occur?

Gum disease is typically caused by poor oral hygiene that allows plaque to build up on the teeth and harden into tartar. However, several factors contribute to its development:

  1. Poor Oral Hygiene: Inadequate brushing and flossing allow plaque to accumulate, leading to gum inflammation.
  2. Smoking and Tobacco Use: Tobacco use is a significant risk factor for gum disease, hindering the healing of the gums.
  3. Genetic Factors: Some individuals may be genetically predisposed to gum disease, making them more susceptible.
  4. Hormonal Changes: Hormonal fluctuations, such as those during pregnancy, menstruation, or menopause, can increase sensitivity to gum inflammation.
  5. Medical Conditions: Certain medical conditions like diabetes or autoimmune diseases can elevate the risk of gum disease.
  6. Poor Nutrition: A diet lacking in essential nutrients can compromise the immune system, making it harder for the body to fight infections, including those affecting the gums.