How to Treat Diabetic Retinopathy?

  • February 14, 2024
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How to Treat Diabetic Retinopathy?

What is Diabetic Retinopathy?

Diabetic retinopathy is a serious eye condition that affects people with diabetes. It occurs when high levels of blood sugar damage the blood vessels in the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. Over time, diabetic retinopathy can lead to vision loss or even blindness if left untreated. It is essential for individuals with diabetes to undergo regular eye exams to detect diabetic retinopathy early and initiate treatment promptly.

Why Does Diabetic Retinopathy Occur?

Diabetic retinopathy develops due to prolonged exposure to high blood sugar levels, which causes damage to the small blood vessels in the retina. This damage may lead to swelling, leakage, or abnormal growth of blood vessels in the retina, disrupting vision. Factors that increase the risk of diabetic retinopathy include poorly controlled blood sugar levels, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, and the duration of diabetes.