How to Treat Conjunctivitis Allergic?

  • January 31, 2024
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How to Treat Conjunctivitis Allergic?

What is Allergic Conjunctivitis?

Allergic conjunctivitis is a common eye condition characterized by inflammation of the conjunctiva. This thin membrane covers the white part of the eye and lines the inner surface of the eyelids. The condition is a result of an overreaction by the immune system to specific allergens. Common triggers include pollen, dust mites, pet dander, and certain irritants like smoke or air pollution. The immune system perceives these allergens as potentially harmful substances, prompting a defensive response that leads to the characteristic symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis. Redness, itching, and watering of the eyes are the body's way of attempting to flush out the perceived threat.

Why Does Allergic Conjunctivitis Occur?

The occurrence of allergic conjunctivitis is closely linked to an individual's immune response to allergens. When the eyes come into contact with substances that trigger an allergic reaction, the immune system releases histamines and other chemicals. These substances cause the blood vessels in the conjunctiva to become swollen and irritated, leading to the characteristic redness, itching, and watery eyes associated with allergic conjunctivitis.

How Does Allergic Conjunctivitis Manifest?

Allergic conjunctivitis can present itself in various ways, with symptoms ranging from mild to severe. Common symptoms include redness, itching, tearing, and a gritty sensation in the eyes. In some cases, individuals may experience swelling of the eyelids and a burning sensation. The symptoms can be intermittent, occurring during specific seasons when certain allergens are prevalent, or they may persist year-round in response to perennial allergens.