How to Treat Cold?

  • November 02, 2023
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How to Treat Cold?

What is a Cold?

A common cold, often referred to simply as a cold, is a viral infection affecting the upper respiratory system. It is primarily caused by rhinoviruses, though other viruses like coronaviruses and adenoviruses can also contribute. The symptoms typically include a runny or stuffy nose, sneezing, coughing, and a sore throat. While a cold is generally a mild illness, it can be quite bothersome and disrupt daily activities. A cold is a contagious infection of the upper respiratory system impacting the nose, throat, sinuses, and trachea.

While it's often referred to as a coronavirus, it's essential to note that over 200 viruses can cause a cold, with the rhinovirus being the most prevalent. The term "common cold" accurately reflects its widespread nature, as individuals are likely to experience more colds throughout their lives than any other illness. Adults typically contend with two to three colds annually, while young children may experience four or more instances of a cold in a given year.

Why Do Colds Occur?

Colds are highly contagious and spread through respiratory droplets when an infected person coughs or sneezes. The viruses can also be contracted by touching a surface or object with the virus on it and then touching the face, particularly the eyes, nose, or mouth. The ease of transmission contributes to the common occurrence of colds, especially in crowded or enclosed spaces.