How to Treat Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease?

  • January 23, 2024
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How to Treat Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease?

What is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)?

COPD, or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, is a advancing lung ailment characterized by constrained airflow, resulting in challenges with breathing. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema fall under the COPD umbrella, with long-term exposure to irritating substances, notably cigarette smoke, being the primary cause. This condition is a significant global cause of morbidity and mortality. COPD serves as an encompassing term for a spectrum of advancing lung diseases, where a diagnosis may indicate the presence of chronic bronchitis, emphysema, or a combination of both. The gradual progression of COPD results in a gradual decline in respiratory function, posing challenges to breathing over time.

Why Does Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Occur?

COPD typically develops as a result of prolonged exposure to harmful lung irritants. Smoking is the primary cause, responsible for approximately 85% of COPD cases. Additional risk factors comprise exposure to dust and chemicals in the workplace, environmental air pollution, and genetic predispositions. Over time, these irritants cause inflammation and damage to the airways and alveoli, leading to the characteristic symptoms of COPD.

How to Identify Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease?

Identifying COPD involves a combination of medical history, physical examination, and diagnostic tests. Typical symptoms encompass persistent cough, breathlessness, wheezing, and a sensation of tightness in the chest. Spirometry, a lung function test, is a key diagnostic tool for COPD. Imaging studies, such as chest X-rays or CT scans, may also be conducted to assess lung damage and rule out other conditions.