How to Treat Chikungunya?

  • December 09, 2023
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How to Treat Chikungunya?

What is Chikungunya?

Chikungunya, a viral infection transmitted by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes, leads to symptoms such as fever, severe joint pain, muscle pain, headache, nausea, fatigue, and rash. Despite its low fatality, Chikungunya can cause persistent and debilitating joint pain lasting weeks or months. The infection occurs when an individual is bitten by an infected mosquito. Person-to-person transmission doesn't occur through contact or saliva.

Named "chikungunya" for the bent-over posture resulting from joint pain, there's no specific medication or vaccine. Treatment focuses on symptom management, with most recovering within a week, though some may endure lasting joint pain. Prevention includes avoiding mosquito bites through protective clothing and insect repellent. Travelers to affected areas should remain cautious, as uninfected mosquitoes could spread the virus, especially within a week post-infection.

Why Does Chikungunya Occur?

Chikungunya is caused by the Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), which is primarily transmitted to humans through the bites of infected female mosquitoes. These mosquitoes acquire the virus by feeding on the blood of an infected person. Once infected, the mosquitoes can transmit the virus to other individuals through subsequent bites. Chikungunya outbreaks are more likely to occur in tropical and subtropical regions, where these mosquito species thrive.