Know about Arthroscopy

  • November 22, 2023
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Know about Arthroscopy

What is Arthroscopy?

Arthroscopy, a minimally invasive surgical technique, empowers physicians to examine and treat the inner workings of joints using a specialized tool called an arthroscope. This slender device, equipped with a light source and camera, enables the surgeon to visually evaluate the joint on a monitor. Widely applied to knees, shoulders, hips, ankles, elbows, and wrists, arthroscopy serves a dual role, acting as both a diagnostic and therapeutic instrument in the field of orthopedic medicine. The method entails the use of the arthroscope—a slim, elongated tube with an integrated video camera and light source—to address structural issues, offering a versatile solution for joint-related challenges leading to pain, instability, or dysfunction.

Why Arthroscopy?

The primary motivation for choosing arthroscopy over traditional open surgery lies in its minimally invasive nature. Unlike open surgery, which requires large incisions, arthroscopy involves only small incisions through which the arthroscope and specialized instruments are inserted. This results in less trauma to surrounding tissues, reduced pain, faster recovery times, and a lower risk of complications. Arthroscopy is particularly beneficial for conditions affecting joints, such as torn ligaments, inflamed synovium, damaged cartilage, and loose bone fragments.

How is Arthroscopy Performed?

Arthroscopy, typically conducted as an outpatient procedure, employs either local or general anesthesia based on the joint and surgery complexity. The process involves:

  1. Positioning and Sterilization: The patient is appropriately positioned, and the surgical site is cleaned.
  2. Anesthesia Administration: Local, regional, or general anesthesia ensures a pain-free procedure.
  3. Incisions (Portals): Small incisions, known as portals, are made near the joint for arthroscope and instruments.
  4. Arthroscope Insertion: The arthroscope is inserted through a portal, offering a clear view on a monitor.
  5. Examination and Treatment: The surgeon diagnoses and treats joint issues, performing procedures like ligament repair or cartilage removal.
  6. Closure: Instruments are removed, and incisions are closed with stitches or adhesive strips.