How to Treat Acute Renal Failure?

  • November 10, 2023
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How to Treat Acute Renal Failure?

What is Acute Renal Failure?

Acute renal failure, commonly referred to as acute kidney injury (AKI), denotes a sudden and potentially reversible deterioration in kidney function. This swift onset, occurring over a few hours to a couple of days, results in the accumulation of waste products and fluids in the body. The kidneys, pivotal for blood filtration and waste elimination, play a crucial role in upholding the proper balance of electrolytes and fluid in the body. Acute renal failure (ARF) manifests when the kidneys undergo a sudden and substantial decline in function, typically progressing swiftly within a timeframe ranging from several hours to a maximum of two days.

Why Does Acute Renal Failure Occur?

Several factors can contribute to the development of acute renal failure. Common causes include severe infections, reduced blood flow to the kidneys, direct damage to the kidneys, and urinary tract obstructions. Conditions such as dehydration, heart failure, severe burns, and certain medications can also play a role in the onset of acute renal failure.

How Does Acute Renal Failure Manifest?

The manifestations of acute renal failure can vary, but common symptoms include decreased urine output, fluid retention, fatigue, confusion, and shortness of breath. In severe cases, acute renal failure can lead to life-threatening complications, emphasizing the importance of prompt diagnosis and treatment.