Kids with high blood sugar(more than 11mmol/litre), peeing too much, drinking too much, weight loss, and tiredness are likely to have Type 1 Diabetes. It needs Insulin treatment, extensive family and patient support, education and school support, etc. Education is crucial. Dietitian support is vital. Exercise should be recommended. Education about complications like Diabetic Ketoacidosis is important. Long term issues need discussion.
Kids with high blood sugar(more than 11mmol/litre) and overweight or obese are likely to have Type 2 Diabetes. Diet and Exercise are crucial. Metformin is the standard treatment medication. Psychological support, family and social support is important.