How to Treat Thalassemia?

  • November 11, 2023
  • No Comments
How to Treat Thalassemia?

What is Thalassemia?

Thalassemia is a genetic blood disorder characterized by abnormal hemoglobin production, leading to inadequate red blood cell formation. Hemoglobin is a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen to various parts of the body. Individuals with thalassemia produce fewer healthy red blood cells and less hemoglobin than normal, resulting in anemia and potential complications.

Why is Thalassemia a Concern?

Thalassemia poses a significant health concern due to its impact on the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood. Without sufficient oxygen, vital organs and tissues may not function optimally, leading to fatigue, weakness, and other complications. Additionally, severe forms of thalassemia can cause issues such as bone deformities, enlarged spleen, and growth delays in affected individuals.

How is Thalassemia Inherited?

Thalassemia is primarily an inherited disorder, passed down from parents to their children through genetic mutations. The condition arises when there are abnormalities in the genes responsible for producing hemoglobin. Individuals with one affected gene are carriers (thalassemia trait), while those with two affected genes (one from each parent) may experience the symptoms of thalassemia.