How to Treat Postpartum Fever?

  • December 19, 2023
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How to Treat Postpartum Fever?

What is Postpartum fever?

Postpartum fever, colloquially known as puerperal fever, represents a critical aspect of maternal health, requiring vigilant attention to safeguard the well-being of the mother. This condition, rooted in obstetric complexities like endometritis and potentially stemming from urinary tract or wound infections, presents unique challenges, particularly in cesarean deliveries where the incidence of endometritis is notably higher. Postpartum fever often presents with febrile episodes below 38.4°C, resolving spontaneously, especially within the initial 24 postpartum hours. However, persistence beyond this timeframe or surpassing 38.7°C within 24 hours, or exceeding 38.0°C on any two of the initial 10 postpartum days, signals the need for intervention. The multifaceted nature of postpartum fever arises from several contributing factors, with infection being the most prevalent.

Why Does Postpartum Fever Occur?

The complexity of postpartum fever lies in its multifaceted origins, primarily driven by infections. These infections can emanate from diverse sources, such as wounds sustained during childbirth, urinary tract infections, or infections in the reproductive organs. Hormonal fluctuations and the physical stress associated with childbirth can compromise the body's immune response, rendering new mothers more susceptible to infections.

How to manage Postpartum fever?

The signs of postpartum fever is paramount for early intervention. Symptoms include an elevated body temperature, typically exceeding 100.4°F or 38°C. Other indicators encompass chills, an accelerated heart rate, pain or tenderness in the abdomen, foul-smelling vaginal discharge, and a general sense of discomfort or malaise. Timely identification of these symptoms enables healthcare professionals to initiate appropriate treatment measures promptly, preventing potential complications.