What to do incase of Nasopharyngeal Cancer?

  • November 09, 2023
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What to do incase of  Nasopharyngeal Cancer?

What is Nasopharyngeal Cancer?

Nasopharyngeal cancer, or nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), is an uncommon form of head and neck cancer that begins in the nasopharynx, the upper part of the throat situated behind the nose. This cancer arises when cells in this region undergo uncontrolled growth, leading to the formation of a tumor. Notably distinct from other head and neck cancers, nasopharyngeal cancer is characterized by its unique location and features. The nasopharynx, positioned just above the palate at the base of the skull, is integral to the respiratory process. As air is inhaled through the nose, it passes through the nasopharynx before advancing into the throat and ultimately reaching the lungs.

Why Nasopharyngeal Cancer Occurs?

The exact cause of nasopharyngeal cancer is not well understood, but several risk factors have been identified. One of the primary contributors is infection with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), a common virus that many people are exposed to during their lifetime. Genetic factors, exposure to certain chemicals and substances, and consumption of preserved foods containing nitrosamines have also been linked to an increased risk of developing nasopharyngeal cancer.

How Nasopharyngeal Cancer Develops?

Nasopharyngeal cancer usually starts in the lining of the nasopharynx and may spread to nearby tissues and lymph nodes. The cancerous cells can also invade blood vessels and nerves, facilitating the spread of the disease to other parts of the body. The early stages of nasopharyngeal cancer may not present noticeable symptoms, making early detection challenging.