What to do incase of Nasal And Sinus Cancer?

  • December 22, 2023
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What to do incase of  Nasal And Sinus Cancer?

What constitutes Nasal and Sinus Cancer?

Nasal and sinus cancer, though rare, significantly impacts health, originating in the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. When cancer develops, these essential respiratory structures, which play a role in filtering and moistening the air we breathe, undergo disruption. A nasal tumor, whether benign or malignant, refers to abnormal growth in the nasal cavity or paranasal sinuses. Predominantly, sinus cancers, such as squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and adenocarcinoma (AC), arise in the flat cells lining the sinuses, comprising 60 to 70% of nasal cavity cancers. Symptoms vary based on tumor size and extent, often appearing on one side and resembling less serious conditions like a common cold or sinus infection.

Why Nasal and Sinus Cancer Occurs?

The exact cause of nasal and sinus cancer is not fully understood, but certain risk factors increase the likelihood of its development. Exposure to certain workplace substances, such as wood dust, nickel, or leather dust, may contribute to an elevated risk. Additionally, tobacco use, a history of radiation exposure, and certain genetic conditions may play a role in the development of nasal and sinus cancer. Chronic inflammation of the nasal passages and sinuses, often associated with conditions like chronic sinusitis, may also be a contributing factor.

How to Identify Nasal and Sinus Cancer?

Identifying nasal and sinus cancer involves recognizing potential symptoms and undergoing diagnostic tests. Typical symptoms can comprise:

  1. Persistent Nasal Congestion: A prolonged feeling of nasal blockage or congestion that doesn't improve with usual remedies. 
  2. Epistaxis: Nosebleeds that occur without a clear explanation or are recurrent, particularly if they are not associated with an injury.  
  3. Decreased Sense of Smell: A noticeable reduction in the ability to smell, often accompanied by a persistent stuffy nose. 
  4. Pain or Pressure in the Face: Pain or pressure in the nasal area, face, or around the eyes that doesn't resolve with over-the-counter pain relievers.
  5. Watery Eyes: Excessive tearing or watery eyes that are not associated with allergies or other known causes.
  6. Persistent Headaches: Frequent and persistent headaches, particularly if they are concentrated around the forehead or eyes.
  7. Lump or Mass in the Nose or Neck: The presence of a lump or mass in the nose, nasal cavity, or neck area.