How to Treat Jaundice In Pregnancy?

  • December 18, 2023
  • No Comments
How to Treat Jaundice In Pregnancy?

What is Jaundice in Pregnancy?

Jaundice in pregnancy is a condition resulting from the buildup of bilirubin, a yellow pigment formed during the breakdown of red blood cells. Various factors, including liver dysfunction, hemolysis, or infections, can contribute to jaundice during pregnancy. Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP), also known as obstetric cholestasis, is a liver condition causing severe itching in late pregnancy. ICP temporarily impairs liver function, leading to bile accumulation in the liver and bloodstream. This can result in itching when bile levels rise. Cholestasis of pregnancy requires close monitoring to minimize complications for both the pregnant individual and the fetus.

Why Does Jaundice Occur in Pregnancy?

Several factors can contribute to the development of jaundice during pregnancy. One common cause is intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP), a liver disorder that impairs the normal flow of bile. Additionally, pre-existing liver conditions, such as hepatitis or gallstones, can worsen during pregnancy. Hemolytic disorders, where the body destroys red blood cells more rapidly, can also lead to jaundice.

How Does Jaundice Affect Pregnancy?

Jaundice during pregnancy poses potential risks to both the mother and the fetus. Elevated levels of bilirubin can affect the developing fetus, leading to complications such as preterm birth, fetal distress, or stillbirth. The mother may experience intense itching, fatigue, and in severe cases, liver damage. Proper monitoring and timely intervention are crucial to manage these risks.