How to Treat Hypertension General?

  • December 14, 2023
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How to Treat Hypertension General?

What is Hypertension?

Hypertension silently threatens organs like the heart and kidneys by elevating blood pressure in the arteries. Associated with a higher risk of heart attack and stroke, managing it requires lifestyle changes and medication to bring pressure below the critical range (120/80 mm Hg). Treatment integrates both approaches, emphasizing the importance of proactive management to avert severe stages and reduce cardiovascular risks. The term "silent killer" underscores the need for a careful blend of lifestyle adjustments and medical interventions.

Why is Hypertension a Concern?

The significance of addressing hypertension lies in its potential to contribute to severe health issues. Persistent high blood pressure can damage the arteries, making them less elastic and more susceptible to ruptures. This increased strain on the cardiovascular system can result in heart disease, stroke, kidney problems, and other life-threatening conditions. Additionally, hypertension is a major risk factor for coronary artery disease, which can lead to heart attacks and heart failure. The force of blood against the arterial walls can also cause aneurysms, a condition where the blood vessels weaken and bulge, increasing the risk of rupture. Moreover, hypertension is often associated with lifestyle factors such as poor diet, lack of physical activity, and smoking. Addressing hypertension is not only crucial for preventing immediate health concerns but also for promoting overall well-being and reducing the risk of associated lifestyle-related diseases.

How to Identify Hypertension?

Regular blood pressure monitoring is essential for identifying hypertension. Blood pressure is measured using two numbers: systolic pressure (the pressure when the heart beats) and diastolic pressure (the pressure when the heart is at rest between beats). A normal blood pressure reading is usually around 120/80 mm Hg.Hypertension is diagnosed when blood pressure consistently exceeds 130/80 mm Hg. It is categorized into different stages based on severity, ranging from Stage 1 hypertension (130-139/80-89 mm Hg) to Stage 2 hypertension (140/90 mm Hg or higher). Lifestyle modifications and medical interventions are typically recommended based on the severity of hypertension.