How to Treat Deep Vein Thrombosis?

  • February 14, 2024
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How to Treat Deep Vein Thrombosis?

What is Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)?

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is a severe medical condition characterized by the formation of blood clots within the deep veins, predominantly in the legs. These clots have the potential to impede blood circulation, and if dislodged, they can lead to life-threatening complications like pulmonary embolism by traveling to the lungs. DVT necessitates immediate diagnosis and treatment to mitigate risks. It typically arises due to venous injury or sluggish blood flow, resulting in the development of a thrombus (blood clot) in the deep veins. These clots can partially or completely obstruct blood flow, commonly occurring in the lower leg, thigh, or pelvis, although they can manifest in other areas such as the arms, brain, intestines, liver, or kidneys.

Why Does Deep Vein Thrombosis Occur?

DVT often develops due to a combination of factors known as Virchow's triad: venous stasis (reduced blood flow), hypercoagulability (increased clotting), and endothelial injury (damage to blood vessel walls). Risk factors for DVT include Prolonged immobility (e.g., long flights or bed rest), Surgery or trauma, Obesity, Pregnancy, Smoking, Hormone replacement therapy or oral contraceptives, Previous history of DVT or family history of clotting disorders