How to Treat Brachycephaly And Plagiocephaly?

  • February 14, 2024
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How to Treat Brachycephaly And Plagiocephaly?

What are Brachycephaly and Plagiocephaly?

Flat head syndrome, also known as positional Brachycephaly and Plagiocephaly, is a common condition among infants characterized by a flattened area on the back or side of the head. There are two main types of plagiocephaly, where the head is flattened on one side, causing asymmetry and sometimes bulging of the forehead and face, and brachycephaly, where the back of the head becomes flattened, resulting in a wider and shorter skull shape. These conditions can occur due to prolonged pressure on the baby's skull, such as from lying in one position for too long.

Why Do Brachycephaly and Plagiocephaly Occur?

Several factors can contribute to the development of brachycephaly and plagiocephaly in infants. One of the primary causes is prolonged pressure on the baby's skull, which can occur when infants spend extended periods in one position, such as lying on their backs. This pressure can lead to flattening of certain areas of the skull, resulting in an abnormal shape.

Other factors that may contribute to these conditions include:

  1. Spending excessive time in car seats, swings, or other devices that restrict movement.
  2. Premature birth, which can affect skull development.
  3. Muscular torticollis, a condition in which the neck muscles are tight or shortened, causing the baby to prefer one head position.

How to Identify Brachycephaly and Plagiocephaly?

Parents can often identify brachycephaly and plagiocephaly by observing the shape of their baby's head. Signs of brachycephaly include a wide and shortened skull shape, while plagiocephaly may present as a flat spot on one side of the head or asymmetry in the facial features. Pediatricians can also assess infants for these conditions during routine check-ups.