How to Treat Bipolar Disorder?

  • October 17, 2023
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How to Treat Bipolar Disorder?

What is Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar disorder, also recognized as manic-depressive illness, is a mental health condition marked by intense mood swings, encompassing periods of mania and depression. Manic episodes involve heightened energy, impulsive behavior, and an elevated mood, while depressive episodes are characterized by feelings of sadness, low energy, and a lack of interest or pleasure in activities. This persistent mood disorder involves profound fluctuations in mood, energy levels, cognitive processes, and behavior, disrupting an individual's capacity to perform day-to-day activities for varying durations, ranging from hours to months.

Why is Bipolar Disorder a Concern?

Bipolar disorder poses significant challenges to individuals affected by disrupting their daily lives, relationships, and overall well-being. The extreme shifts in mood can impact work, social interactions, and decision-making. Untreated, bipolar disorder may lead to complications such as substance abuse, relationship problems, and an increased risk of suicide during depressive episodes.

How to Identify Bipolar Disorder?

Diagnosing bipolar disorder involves a comprehensive psychiatric evaluation, which may include discussions about mood patterns, family history, and the impact of symptoms on daily life. Mental health professionals may use specific criteria outlined in diagnostic manuals like the DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) to determine if an individual meets the criteria for bipolar disorder.