Ask Free Doctor Online

Get FREE answers to medical queries

Ask Doctor Now

How to Treat Alcohol Misuse?

Medical Treatment:
Self-help groups
  • Many people who have alcohol dependency problems find it useful to attend self-help groups, such as Alcoholics Anonymous (AA).
  • One of the main beliefs behind AA is that alcohol dependence is a long-term, progressive illness and total abstinence is the only solution.
  • The treatment plan promoted by AA is based on a 12-stage program designed to help you overcome your addiction.
  • The steps include admitting you are powerless over alcohol and your life has become unmanageable, admitting that you have acted wrongly and made corrections with people you have harmed, where possible.
Twelve-step facilitation therapy
  • The twelve stage facilitation treatment is based on the AA program. The difference is that you work with a counselor on a one to one basis, rather than in a group, through the stages.
  • If you feel uncomfortable or unwilling to discuss your problems in a group setting, therapy may be your preferred treatment option.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a speech treatment that uses an alcohol dependence problem - solving approach.
  • The approach involves identifying unhelpful, unrealistic thoughts and beliefs that may contribute to your dependence on alcohol, such as:
    • I cannot relax without alcohol.
    • My friends would find me boring if I was sober.
    • Just drinking one pint cannot hurt.
  • Once these thoughts and beliefs are identified, you will be encouraged to base your behavior on more realistic and helpful thoughts, such as:
    • Lots of people have a good time without alcohol, and I can be one of them.
    • My friends like me for my personality, not for my drinking.
    • I know I cannot stop drinking once I start.
  • CBT also helps you identify triggers that can cause you to drink, such as:
    • Stress
    • Social anxiety
    • Being in high-risk environments, such as pubs, clubs, and restaurants
Your CBT therapist will teach you how to avoid certain triggers and cope effectively with those that are unavoidable.
Family therapy
  • Dependence on alcohol does not only affect an individual-it can affect a whole family as well. Family therapy, it provides the opportunity for family members to:
    • Learn about the nature of alcohol dependence
    • Support the member of the family who is trying to abstain from alcohol
  • Support is also available in their own right for family members. Living with someone who misuses alcohol can be stressful, so receiving support can often be very helpful.
  • several specialists for alcohol services that provide help and support for the relatives and friends of people with a dependence on alcohol.