Urologists: What Do They Do?
Urologists are medical doctors who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of conditions related to the male and female urinary tract and the male reproductive system. This includes the kidneys, bladder, ureters, urethra, prostate gland, and genitalia.
Urologists are trained to treat a wide range of conditions, including urinary tract infections, kidney stones, prostate problems, erectile dysfunction, infertility, and cancers of the urinary tract and reproductive system. They use a variety of diagnostic tools, such as blood tests, urine tests, imaging studies, and biopsies, to evaluate and diagnose these conditions.
Urologists also perform a range of surgical procedures, including minimally invasive and robotic-assisted surgeries, to treat conditions such as prostate cancer, bladder cancer, kidney stones, and urinary incontinence. They may also perform surgical procedures to correct structural abnormalities in the urinary tract or to address complications from other medical conditions.
Urologists work closely with other healthcare professionals, such as primary care physicians, oncologists, and radiologists, to provide coordinated care for their patients. They may also collaborate with specialists in related fields, such as gynecology, gastroenterology, and endocrinology, to address complex conditions that affect multiple systems in the body.