Orthopedic surgery is a branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disorders of the musculoskeletal system, which includes the bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and nerves.
Orthopedic surgeons are medical specialists who are trained to diagnose and treat a wide range of conditions related to the musculoskeletal system. Some common conditions that may be treated by orthopedic surgeons include fractures, sports injuries, arthritis, osteoporosis, spinal disorders, and tumors.
Orthopedic surgery may involve both surgical and non-surgical techniques. Non-surgical treatments may include physical therapy, medication, and other non-invasive interventions, while surgical treatments may involve procedures such as joint replacement, fracture repair, and arthroscopy.
Orthopedic surgeons work closely with other healthcare professionals, including physical therapists, occupational therapists, and rehabilitation specialists, to develop and implement treatment plans that are tailored to the individual needs of each patient. They may also work closely with primary care physicians and other specialists to ensure comprehensive and coordinated care.