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How to Treat Female Genital Mutilation?

Medical Treatment:
  • If necessary, surgery may be performed to open the vagina. This is known as deinfibulation. Surgery may be recommended if:
    • Pregnant women at risk of problems during labor or delivery as an FGM result
    • Women who are not able to have sex or have difficulty passing urine as an FGM result
  • If possible, deinfibulation should be performed before becoming pregnant
  • Usually, it is carried out under local anesthetic in a clinic. A small number of women require either a general anesthetic or spinal anesthetic (injection in the back), which may involve a short time to stay in hospital